Karpoori Thakur Biography 2024

Karpoori Thakur Biography, Jan-nayak, Chief Minister of Bihar, freedom fighter, politician

A highly appraised name in Bihar’s political history Jan-Nayak Karpoori Thakur is all set to posthumously receive Bharat Ratna by the present central government. The current government is privileged to confer this renowned personality with India’s highest civilian award. In this article we can get a brief of Karpoori Thakur’s life (Karpoori Thakur Biography).

Important events (Karpoori Thakur Biography)

Birth24th January 1924
Education Minister 5th March 1967 – 31st January 1968
Deputy Chief Minister5th March 1967 – 31st January 1968

Chief Minister 
22nd December 1970- 2nd June 197124th June 1977- 21st April 1979
Death17th February 1988
Read More: Ritu Karidhal Biography


Born in Pitoujhiya village ( now Karpurigram) of Samastipur district in Bihar, Karpoori Thakur belonged to Nai community. Karpoori was born to Ram dulari Devi and Gokul Thakur who was a farmer by profession on 24th January 1924. Born in colonized India Karpoori Thakur completed his matriculation from Patna University in 1940 in second division. Did IA from Chandradhari Mithila College, Darbhanga in 1942 and completed his BA there. He had to face a lot of cost discrimination in his childhood.

Contribution as a freedom fighter –

Karpoori Thakur left his studies in 1942 and actively participated in the Quit India movement. While walking as a headmaster in village middle school he also joined “Azad dasta” formed by Jaiprakash Narayan and worked towards ending the colonized British era in India. His famous speech near Krishna talkies in Patna is still quite popular. As a consequence of his anti British participation he was jailed for 26 months during the quit India movement. Karpoori went to jail twice before independence and 18 times post independence.

Political Career –

Karpoori Thakur (Karpoori Thakur Biography) left behind a legend of an unforgettable political journey. On the ticket of socialist party Karpoori won and became a member of Bihar legislative assembly from Tajpur constituency in general elections of 1952 and after this remarkable event he never lost the Bihar assembly elections. Karpoori Thakur served as education minister and deputy chief minister during the formation of a non- Congress government in 1967.

A strong decision was made by the leader during this phase by abolishing compulsion of English language in matriculation. The government under his leadership took tremendous decisions in the 1970’s by making education free up to class 8 giving Urdu the status of 2nd state language. Karpoori in his political Era worked towards social reformation and towards his goal of leading a developed and corruption free state. While serving as the chief minister in 1971 he withdrew the policy of imposing tax on unprofitable land which was a good decision in favor of farmers.

His efforts to bring equality and end social discrimination also faced criticism from upper caste groups when he passed a  policy to reserve 26% Government jobs for deprived classes in 1978. He kept his promise of providing employment to the youth for which he often organized camps where he provided employment to a good number of doctors and engineers in a single go. 

A man of character –

Karpoori Thakur’s letter to his son Ramnath was a reflection of his character and personality in which he mentioned three things 1. Not to get influenced by things. 2. Avoid falling for temptations. 3. If done anything wrong he will be defamed. In a world of corruption and dishonesty his near name and character outshine everything else. Karpoori has faced immense challenges and poverty in his life but never compromised with his ethics and morals.

He worked for the state, for the people, for the deprived and for the underdeveloped. His selfless contribution made people title him as Jan- Nayak (Hero of the people). Karpoori Thakur has been an MLA continuously since 1952 but did not even build a house for himself or his family. His family spent the entire life in an ancestral house made of mud. He led an extremely simple life while working towards the surreal development of the state. Karpoori Thakur died of heart attack on 17th February 1988 living behind a legacy of truthfulness, honesty and good faith that will be cherished by generations to come. 

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